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Researchers Have Produced a Remote-Control Cyborg Cockroach Called the “Robo-Roach”



A method for generating remote-controlled cyborg cockroaches has been developed by an international team led by researchers at the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR). The device includes a tiny wireless control module that is powered by a rechargeable battery coupled to a solar cell.

Despite the mechanical gadgets, the insects may move freely thanks to flexible materials and ultrathin electronics. These developments, which were published on September 5 in the academic journal npj Flexible Electronics, will contribute to the widespread use of artificial insects.

State-of-the-art Cockroaches

To help investigate dangerous regions or monitor the environment, scientists have been attempting to create cyborg insects, which are partially insects and most machines. The ability to control cyborg insects remotely for extended periods of time is necessary for their use to be viable, though. This necessitates cordless, rechargeable battery-powered control of their leg segments. Nobody wants a team of robotic cockroaches running about who are suddenly out of control, therefore keeping the battery fully charged is essential.

Although docking stations for charging the battery could be constructed, the requirement to return and recharge might interfere with missions that must be completed on schedule. In order to ensure that the battery is always charged, the ideal solution is to incorporate an onboard solar cell.

It’s easier said than done, though. The research team had to develop a special backpack, ultrathin organic solar cell modules, and an adhesion system that keeps the machinery attached for extended periods of time while still allowing natural movements in order to successfully integrate these devices into a cockroach with limited surface area.

The dorsal side of the abdomen was mounted with the 0.004 mm thick organic solar cell module. “The body-mounted ultrathin organic solar cell module achieves a power output of 17.2 mW, which is more than 50 times larger than the power output of current state-of-the art energy harvesting devices on living insects,” according to Fukuda.

Free to Move

Movement freedom was made possible by the organic solar cell’s ultrathin and flexibility, as well as how it was attached to the insect. The researchers discovered that the abdomen changes shape and parts of the exoskeleton overlap when they closely examined the motions of cockroaches in their natural environment.

They interspersed adhesive and non-adhesive regions onto the films to accommodate this, allowing the films to stretch while maintaining their bond. The cockroaches took twice as long to run the same distance when thicker solar cell films were tested, or when the films were uniformly attached. They also had trouble getting back up after falling.

The new cockroach cyborgs were evaluated after these parts, together with cables that stimulate the leg segments, were incorporated into the insects. Animals were induced to turn to the left and right using the wireless remote control after the battery had been charged for 30 minutes using simulated sunlight.

A hybrid electronic system with hard and flexible elements in the thorax and ultrasoft devices in the abdomen looks to be an appropriate design for cyborg cockroaches, according to Fukuda. “Considering the deformation of the thorax and abdomen during fundamental locomotion,” he adds. Furthermore, because abdominal deformation occurs in other insects as well, such as beetles or possibly even flying insects like cicadas in the future, our approach can be applied to them.


Announcement for Counter-Strike 2 Comes Out of Nowhere



The official announcement for Counter-Strike 2 just dropped, and it has gamers stunned. A limited test for Counter-Strike 2 (CS2), which Valve describes as a “overhaul to every system, every piece of content, and every part of the C-S experience,” is beginning today, according to a tweet from the company. The game’s website calls it “the largest technical leap forward in Counter-Strike’s history” Strike’s and promises years of updates, features, and amazing gameplay.

Something New That We Love

Based on Valve’s Source 2 engine, CS2 features updates to some of the game’s core mechanics, such as improved smoke grenades and “sub-tick updates,” which let “servers know the exact instant that motion starts, a shot is fired, or a ‘nade is thrown,” according to Valve. In a video titled “Leveling Up The World,” Valve says that while maps will change in CS2, skilled players’ abilities should carry over. The three “tiers” of gaming maps are another topic covered by the organization. Certain “touchstone” levels, like Dust II, have slight visual changes but otherwise remain unchanged. These levels should allow players to acquire a sense of the new gameplay in a recognizable environment.

A Couple of Updates

There are other maps that have been improved or reworked, either by adding Source 2 features or by completely rebuilding them. A specific bind may also be used to take the silencer off your rifle, according to a tweet. People will be chosen to participate in the “limited test” based on criteria like “recent playtime on Valve official servers, trust factor, and Steam account standing,” the firm says. If you’re chosen, you’ll receive a notification in the CS:GO main menu that will allow you to enroll.

Users are permitted to stream their experience and publish recordings of it, so even those of us who can’t play the game should get a nice look at the upgraded smoke and lighting effects. You can only now play the restricted test in Deathmatch and “unranked competitive matchmaking” modes on the renowned Dust II map from Counter-Strike, though Valve promises that additional modes and maps will be included in later test releases. The limited test is also only available on Windows for now, and the FAQ makes zero mentions of Valve’s Steam Deck handheld.

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Six Researchers Ingested Lego Heads to Time How Long It Takes for Them to Pass It Out




Six researchers ingested the heads of Lego figures to measure the time it takes for them to pass unconscious. To be honest, I’m just pleased that science is now prepared to address the major issues.

The building blocks of the future

Lego is a brand of plastic building toys created by The Lego Group, a privately held business with headquarters in Billund, Denmark.

The company’s signature product, Lego, is made up of plastic interlocking bricks in a variety of colors that come with a variety of gears, minifigure figurines, and other pieces.

Buildings, vehicles, and functional robots can all be created using various combinations of Lego components. Anything built may be disassembled once more and the components utilised to create new things.

The interlocking toy bricks have been produced by the Lego Group since 1949. Under the brand, eight Legoland amusement parks as well as movies and gaming tournaments have been created. 600 billion Lego pieces has been created as of July 2015.

All for science!

Well, despite the fact that it may sound absurd, paediatric medical professionals did intentionally consume the little Lego heads for a research titled Everything is Awesome: Don’t Forget the Lego.

There must not be a chance that you will forget it while you wait for it to return in the toilet bowl, right?

The extremely severe and crucial study used two scoring systems: Finding and Retrieved Time (FART) and Stool Hardness and Transit (SHAT), all of which are acronyms for the same thing.

They were referred to as that, in full honesty. The SHAT score was actually divided into two parts: the pre-SHAT score, which recorded the researchers’ regular bowel movements, and the post-SHAT score, which was recorded after the Lego head was ingested. Afterwards, information was acquired by comparing the pre and post SHAT results.

The FART score, on the other hand, was a little more depressing – if you can imagine – and required the participants to search through their feces for a tiny yellow head in the days after ingestion.

The study did have a serious goal, despite the fact that it may have seemed like a joke at first and was probably difficult for the researchers to explain to their loved ones.

Children love to eat things that aren’t meant to be eaten, as any parent of a young child can confirm, often with very severe consequences.

Ingesting Lego by mistake or on purpose normally has no negative effects, but in order to ease parents’ concerns, our brave researchers set out to determine how long it takes for a Lego head to pass through a human digestive system.

What then did our brave scientists learn?

The study’s FART score averaged 1.71 days, which means that the Lego head frequently emerged from the body in less than two days.

The scientists concluded their study by writing: “A toy object swiftly passes through adult individuals without difficulties. The authors argue that no parent should be required to search through their child’s feces to confirm object retrieval. This will reassure parents

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Shocking Images Depict the Division of Africa as a New Ocean Arises




As regions of Africa are physically ripping apart and a new ocean is emerging between them, fresh photos have revealed just how severe the damage is.

Kenya is really wonderful

Stunning images depict Africa separating as a new ocean begins to form.

Kenya is a nation in East Africa, formally known as the Republic of Kenya. According to the 2019 census, Kenya had a population of about 47.6 million, making it the seventh most populous country in Africa and the 27th most populous country in the world overall.

In recent years, two portions of land in Kenya have started to separate, and the two masses are now so far apart that a brand-new ocean will eventually pass through the gap.

The African nations of Zambia and Uganda may eventually have their own beaches if the divergence persists.

A new ocean known as the East African Rift will eventually pass across the rift, according to expert studies, millions of years from now.

Experts now understand the precise location where the break first appeared as the boundary of three tectonic plates that have been steadily drifting apart, according to the peer-reviewed journal Geophysical Research Letters.

The worldwide effort has found that the fracture, which initially appeared in the Ethiopian deserts in 2005, today extends 35 km.

It’s nature’s way

The University of Leeds’ Christopher Moore, a doctoral student pursuing a Ph.D., told NBC News that this is the only location on Earth where it is possible to research how a continental rift develops into an oceanic rift.

Moore used satellite radar technology to track volcanic activity in the East African region most frequently linked to the progressive disintegration of the continent.

The tectonic plate boundaries of the African, Arabian, and Somali plates are where the crack is located.

The Arabian plate has been progressively separating from Africa for the last 30 million years.

The Arabian plate is separating from Africa at a rate of roughly one inch per year, thus the distance is widening but not at a rate where you can detect it by looking at it.

However, it happens more slowly for the African and Somali plates, which are said to be dissolving at a pace of roughly half an inch to 0.2 inches per year.

The gap is predicted to continue to grow and eventually result in East Africa being a separate continent.

Professor emeritus of marine geophysics at the University of California, Ken Macdonald, explained: “You can measure movement rates with GPS down to a few millimeters each year.

“We can have a lot better understanding of what’s happening when we receive more and more measurements from GPS.

“The Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden will merge to form a new ocean as they pour across the Afar region and into the East African Rift Valley, separating that portion of East Africa into a new, tiny continent.

The world is really magnificent, and nature is the best work of art, isn’t it?

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